There is very little data about the samples tested by Oxford, Zurich and Arizona: no chemical analysis has been published and most of the photographic evidence is not sufficiently detailed.
However, further evidence of encrustation is visible in the Oxford photographs.14 Below is a comparison of the 3 samples tested at higher magnification (the Shroud, Thebes and Nubia).
We dedicate this website to the remembrance Brendan Whiting, who's 2006 book "The Shroud Story" introduced the world to the most powerful evidence that the 1988 Shroud c-14 data (dating the Shroud in the 14th Century) was invalid.
"Today, thanks to a multidisciplinary work promoted by the University of Padua and lasting fifteen years, the team led by Giulio Fanti shows that the radiocarbon dating has been distorted by environmental contamination, and goes right back to the early death of Jesus that traces of dust, pollen and spores from the Middle East to direct, that the body has been depicted on the linen, violence told in the Gospels of the Passion, and the image was produced by the exceptional radiation developed at the time of the resurrection.
These web sites are maintained by members of the Shroud Science Group: The Shroud of Turin (B. Porter) Shroud of Turin Education Project (in memory of Father Kim Dreisbach) Scientific papers (of G. Svensson) Council for Study of the Shroud of Turin (A.
This website focuses on the latest dating challenges of the Shroud of Turin.
As one who earns his crust doing accelerator mass spectrometry radiocarbon dating, I have to say that I have a few problems with the Garza-Valdes & Mattingly theory.
Carbon dating of the linen cloth (in three separate labs) has placed its manufacture between 12, which (if you know dating) is the time at which the flax plants furnishing the cloth would have been harvested, no longer absorbing carbon from the atmosphere. Catholics must have their miracles, even in the face of counterevidence.
Further, an Italian scientist managed to reproduce the Shroud by using materials that would have been available during the Middle Ages. Just once I’d like to hear the Church declare unequivocally that the Shroud is simply a painting from the 14th century or so.
Although most Christians consider the Shroud to be the genuine burial cloth of Jesus, the results of the 1988 c-14 (carbon-14) dating has been puzzling.
Firm believers in the authenticity of the Shroud were confident of a serious dating error (or incredible oversight in the c-14 dating process).